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Splash water project in Kolkata, India

MiiRは、シアトルに拠点を置き、アジアやアフリカ諸国で子供達が衛生的な水、手、トイレがある環境で生活できるような環境を整備することを目標に活動するSplashという非営利団体とのパートナーシップを締結することを誇りに感じます。私たち、SplashとMiirはパートナーシップを通して清潔な水、衛生教育や衛生環境の向上をコルカタの10校において実施するつもりです。この活動によって学校に通う1965名の学生が直接的に利益を享受することができます。今後はそれだけに止まらず、この活動をインド全土のメジャー都市に拡大することによって何千もの学生が利益を享受できるようになることでしょう

この事業はSplashのネパールにおける活動をベースにMiiRによる支援の下、インドへ慈善的活動を広げることによって両国の子供達に多大な影響を与えています。この活動を通し、私たちはコルカタにおいて危機的な状況に立たされている子供達を、寄宿学校を通しての働きかけによって救うことができるでしょう。この寄宿学校のシステムは、ホームレスの子供達を支援することを目的に現地政府によって2012年に開始されました。寄宿学校によって保護される子供達の多くは片親に育てられた子や孤児、学校に通ったことがない子や、学校を中退することで教育コースから逸脱してしまっている子供達です。

The Approach

水環境の未来は都市が左右します。多くの人は「世界規模で起きている水の危機は、農村地域のみに影響を与えている」と考えていますが、現在世界人口のうち半分を超える人々は都市部で、スラムで生活をする人の数は8億2800万人にも上ります。急激に成長を遂げる途上国における都市では水や衛生環境を整備する施設が不足しており、これにより貧困層が最も打撃を受けています。この現実に対してSplashは、水を媒介する伝染病に最も免疫の無い子供達、そしてこの現実に対して変革をもたらすことのできる可能性が最も高い世代である子供達に焦点を当てて活動することによって社会に一筋の希望をもたらそうとしています。そのため、効率的に最も多くの子供達を救うことができるように、Splashは学校、孤児院、病院やシェルターに対して重点的に働きかけを行なっています。

The Problem

現在地球上でインドのように爆発的な人口増加を経験している国はありません。これだけでは止まらず、今後2010年から2050年にかけて5億3000万人もの人口増加が見込まれています。これはロシアとアメリカの総人口に匹敵する数です。2030年までには、世界で最も人口の多い国はインドとなることが予想されています。そんなインドの第3の都市であり西ベンガル州の中心地でもあるコルカタでは人口爆発に加えてスラム地域の急激な拡大に直面しています。コルカタでは水は簡単に入手できますが大抵は汚染されており、人口増加、不衛生な環境と衛生教育の不行き届きがこの現状に拍車をかけています。

 

The Goal

「最もリーチが難しい」地域にて事業拡大の能力を証明することによって、SplashはNational Replicationを達成することは妥当な現実であると信じています。2012年よりインドで活動を開始して以来、コルカタにある公立校の5%、合わせて2000校ある学校のうちの90校、延べ40,000人の学生にサービスを提供しています。MiiRの支援によってSplashは2021年までにコルカタにある全ての学校と、コルカタの最貧層42万人もの子供達にリーチする計画です。2017年には、コルカタにある小中大規模の複数の学校において、インド全土にモデルを適応するための検証を開始しています。

資金調達スケジュール:

1965人に資する $45,000(4月/6月/12月 2012年)

1262人に資する$20,000(3月 2018年)

 

About Splash

Splashは密集した都市部において、衛生的な水、手、トイレを手に入れることができるような環境を整えることで子供達の健康的な成長を支援することを目的としています。2007年に設立されたSplashはこれまでに8カ国(中国、カンボジア、バングラデシュ、エチオピア、インド、ネパール、タイ、ベトナム)に渡って1600ものプロジェクトを手がけ、40万人もの子供達の役に立っています。今後5年間でコルカタ、インド、アディスアベバ、エチオピア、カトマンズ、ネパールの公立校全てにリーチをすることで衛生的な水環境を整備し、2021年までに100万人以上の子供たちが衛生的な水、手、トイレのある環境で生活できるように活動を行なっていきます。
www.splash.org

Splash's work with MiiR in Kolkata, IndiaPhoto credit: Gavin Gough

Meet Subhadra

A tenth grader attending Behala Balika Vidyapath, Subhadra enjoys playing Kabaddi. Singing is also very close to her heart and she sings at school functions whenever she gets a chance. While her favorite subject is history, ultimately Subhadra aims to be a police officer to curb violence against women.

Read Subhadra's story here.

September 2018

Splash and MiiR are continuing the expansion of WASH interventions in Kolkata schools:

  • With the help of their dedicated partners, Splash completed the teacher training for the Secondary and Higher Secondary School Focal Teachers in Mid-June, after summer vacation.
  • From June to August the full water, sanitation, and hygiene intervention was completed, providing approximately 1,271 kids at eight different schools with significant health benefits that will last them a lifetime.

 

School Profile (via Splash):

 

"Paik Para Raja Manindra Memorial Primary and Higher Secondary Schools are located in North Kolkata beside Barrackpore Trunk Road. When conducting the school assessment, we found the condition of the toilets to be very poor. There were a number of leaks in the plumbing, and some of the taps were also found to be broken. The existing filter at the school was also not working. Hence, schoolchildren did not have access to filtered drinking water. Thankfully, no bacteria were found in the water sample collected from the school for testing. The reason for this may be the proximity of the school to Tala Water Pumping station where water is treated and distributed to large part of the city.

 

Now, because of [the support of MiiR and its customers], the schools have a functional ultra-filtration system that removes 99.999% of the bacteria from their water. They also have two drinking water stations with six taps and one handwashing station with two taps that help keep the kids healthy. Twenty trained focal teachers have also spread hygiene messaging across their schools, including 53 active student hygiene club members that help keep their schools clean and encourage their peers to practice healthy behaviors. One-hundred and twenty-five bars of soap were also collected at the schools, as part of event days."

June 2018

In 2018 MiiR and Splash expanded our partnership in Kolkata, India to dramatically improve the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions in one of Splash’s highest need areas. MiiR’s 2018 funding supports Splash’s WASH intervention at seven schools, located at three campuses, benefiting approximately 1,262 children (828 boys, 29 of which are children with special needs and 434 girls, 16 of which have special needs).

                                                                                                           

Since starting the 2018 partnership in March, Splash has kicked off their initiative with the Kolkata Department of Education to train all 2,000 public-school teachers in 2018, using their innovative hygiene education curriculum. In mid-May, Focal Teachers at the four primary schools that MiiR is supporting through this partnership received initial training. Splash will complete the teacher training for the Secondary School Focal Teachers in mid-June, after summer vacation. In addition, water filter systems have been ordered for all of the schools and interventions have been planned.

                                                                                                           

Splash’s Intervention

                                                           

Splash will conduct an assessment of each school to understand factors like water quality, physical size of the school, number of students, existing WASH infrastructure and sanitation conditions. We will then design a customized WASH intervention, leveraging appropriate technology, durable products, local supply chains, and innovative solutions.

                                                                                                                                                           

  • Water - We will ensure clean water for drinking at all the schools through the installation of industrial Aquasphere and Lifestraw water filtration systems. Our water filtration system uses a three-stage process of mechanical filtration (ultra-filtration or UF), chemical filtration (carbon filters) and disinfection (ultraviolet or UV), which removes more than 99.9999% of microbial pathogens to ensure water that’s safe for drinking according to World Health Organization standards.                                                                                                                                                     
  • Hygiene - Filtration alone can’t stave off water-borne illness. Behavior change is critical. Splash’s hygiene education program promotes both bottom- up and top-down behavior change activities to achieve outcomes that are sustained throughout the child’s lifetime and passed on to future generations they’ll one day lead. These include using training focal teachers and staff on hygiene education, the formation of hygiene clubs to encourage peer-to-peer learning, and school-wide event days.
     
  • Sanitation - Splash will also renovate the sanitation facilities at each school site, making them child-friendly and accessible for children with disabilities. Splash believes that every public school in Kolkata should have child-friendly toilet facilities with sufficient access to water for flushing and that meet global standards for safety, privacy, cleanliness, ventilation, and accessibility. The Splash sanitation intervention applies best practices in menstrual hygiene management (MHM) to dissuade absenteeism during menstruation and boost girls’ confidence and security at school.

 

School names: Paik Para Raja Manindra Memorial Primary, Higher Secondary, and Memorial High School, Shastriji Harijan Vidya Mandir Secondary, Netaji Vidyapith Bengali and Hindi Primary, Cossipore Sri Sanatan Dharma Vidyalaya Primary and Secondary School.

 

March 2018

In partnership with Splash, MiiR Project #25 has considerably changed the conditions at ten schools in Kolkata. Water that was previously contaminated with arsenic, E. coli and other coliform bacteria is now clean thanks to the ten Voltas and Aquasphere commercial-grade filtration systems installed. Kids can now can easily access water that meets strict World Health Organization standards from 22 new Splash drinking water stations, as well as handwashing stations to guard them from germs.

Sanitation improvements have also made a huge difference in school conditions. Splash’s intervention improved old, non-functional facilities by making needed updates and improvements to the doors, latches, ventilation systems and overall surroundings of the sanitation facilities, making them more child-friendly and inviting. In conjunction with these efforts, hygiene education and soap drives were conducted at the schools so that kids were ensured availability of soap at the handwashing stations after using the bathroom and before meals.

Splash conducted two full days of training at each school for 295 hygiene club students and 89 teachers, who went on to influence fellow students and teach kids valuable hygiene skills. In addition, Splash conducted several event days at each school, such as soap drives, to ensure availability, which were attended by 816 kids and adults. The change has been transformative at all ten schools and will greatly benefit the health and livelihood of hundreds of thousands of students for years to come!

 

November 2017

Water filtration systems, as well as drinking and handwashing station installation work is complete at all ten schools. Detailed sanitation assessments are underway in preparation for sanitation work. Hygiene education at many of the schools has also been conducted.

School profile - SB Girls High School

SB Girls High School is located in a posh area of South Kolkata. It is a residential higher secondary school with 155 students enrolled, of which 80 reside there. Most of the girls come from poor economic backgrounds. Their parents mainly work as domestic workers, masons and rickshaw pullers. Before Splash’s intervention, the school had a small drinking water purifier that functioned irregularly and was not large enough to cater to the number of students in the school.

Splash has installed a water filter as well as two drinking water stations with four taps and two bubblers at the school. In addition, a post-installation water test determined that the filter is functioning without any issues, ensuring clean water and hands for 155 students (ten of whom are children with special needs), as well as ten staff.

After hygiene training, the students were motivated to conduct a tree plantation drive to plant trees beside the school playground to beautify the school campus. Because of its success, the school has received the 2017 Nirmal Vidyalaya Puraskar, a government award that recognizes schools for excellence in sanitation and hygiene practice.


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